Engineering students in India graduate in millions every year. These are students coming from every corner of the country, working hard and graduating with flying colors only to end up being unemployed. What’s really sad is only 3% of all the engineering students get satisfactory placements, around 17% have to compromise with salaries and desired designations only to be employed. To assume that this is happening due to lack of jobs and opportunities would be wrong. There are millions of companies in India looking for engineers almost everywhere. Just the way engineers struggle to get a good job, industries and companies struggle in the lookout for deserving engineers for the job.
To explain the situation better here are the main reasons why engineers in India are not getting jobs;
- Poor Speaking and Soft Skills:
This reason has the first place because it turns out to be the biggest problem of all, for engineers in India. 90% of qualified engineers find it difficult to converse in English, hence getting rejected during interviews. Many have to take Spoken English classes, apart from studying to graduate. This happens because during the course of engineering physics, chemistry, mathematics and other subjects are given priorities while no efforts to improve spoken English and soft skills is encouraged.
- Out-Dated Learning Strategies: The techniques used in several universities and colleges in India are still old with no enhancements done since years. These days the world has become dependent upon technology but the learning strategies of many institutions suffer lack of proper infrastructure and trained professors. Completing the syllabus is all that matters, creativity and research are not given adequate amount of attention.
- Traditional Culture of Examinations: Examinations held do not challenge the students to brainstorm their minds for creative thinking for innovations. The traditional culture of engineering examinations hardly has questions relating to the updates in technologies.
- Less of Practice and More of Theory in the Curriculum: The curriculum in many universities consist of very less practical knowledge and too much of theory. This is one of the reasons why students are under pressure of memorizing their subjects instead of enjoying their study with practical knowledge that would enhance their innovative skills. They end up paying lesser attention to the labs, training themselves to speak better English and soft skills. At the time of job interviews, these graduates fail to solve real world practical problems associated to equipment and software. Employers do not wish to hire them as they would be expected to provide trainings for things the candidates are supposed to know as engineers.
In the software sector in India, only approx. 18% of the engineers turn out to be employable. Around 30% of engineers don’t even get calls for interview. These figures are heartbreakingly sad for the engineers of India, and what’s worse is the fact that even after being aware of this the universities and colleges continue to do what they do.